Portraits in the Andes: Photography and Agency, 1900-1950
Publication year: 2018
Portraits in the Andes examines indigenous and mestizo self-representation through the medium of photography from the early to mid twentieth century. As Jorge Coronado reveals, these images offer a powerful counterpoint to the often-slanted, predominant view of indigenismo produced by the intellectual elite.
Photography offered an inexpensive and readily available technology for producing portraits and other images that allowed lower- and middle-class racialized subjects to create their own distinct rhetoric and vision of their culture. The powerful identity-marking vehicle that photography provided to the masses has been overlooked in much of Latin American cultural studies—which have focused primarily on the elite’s visual arts. Coronado's study offers close readings of Andean photographic archives from the early- to mid-twentieth century, to show the development of a consumer culture and the agency of marginalized groups in creating a visual document of their personal interpretations of modernity.
Myth of the Andalusian Paradise: Muslims, Christians, and Jews under Islamic Rule in Medieval Spain
Publication year: 2016Scholars, journalists, and even politicians uphold Muslim-ruled medieval Spain—“al-Andalus”—as a multicultural paradise, a place where Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived in harmony.
There is only one problem with this widely accepted account: it is a myth.
In this groundbreaking book, Northwestern University scholar Darío Fernández-Morera tells the full story of Islamic Spain. The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise shines light on hidden history by drawing on an abundance of primary sources that scholars have ignored, as well as archaeological evidence only recently unearthed.
This supposed beacon of peaceful coexistence began, of course, with the Islamic Caliphate’s conquest of Spain. Far from a land of religious tolerance, Islamic Spain was marked by religious and therefore cultural repression in all areas of life and the marginalization of Christians and other groups—all this in the service of social control by autocratic rulers and a class of religious authorities.
The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise provides a desperately needed reassessment of medieval Spain. As professors, politicians, and pundits continue to celebrate Islamic Spain for its “multiculturalism” and “diversity,” Fernández-Morera sets the historical record straight—showing that a politically useful myth is a myth nonetheless.
Latin America at Fin-de-Siecle Universal Exhibitions: Modern Cultures of Visuality
Publication year: 2016
Spanning from the 1876 exposition in Philadelphia, through Paris 1889, and culminating in Paris 1900, this book examines how Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico forged the image of a modernizing Latin America at the moment of their insertion into the new visual economy of capitalism, as well as how their modern writers experienced and narrated these events by introducing new literary forms and modernizing literary language. Following these itineraries overseas and back, Uslenghi illuminates the contested, political, and transformative relations that emerged as images and material culture travelled from sites of production to those of exhibition, exchange, and consumption.
Ficción adulterada: Pasiones ilícitas del entresiglo venezolano
Publication year: 2015
Ficción adulterada examines narratives of adultery from late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Venezuelan cultural productions that reveal the contradictions and complexities of constructing a national culture in an emergent nation. I argue that these narratives inscribed emergent models of politics, aesthetics, and collective fantasies around the idea of adultery and/or adulteration. Here, my understanding of adultery is broad, and corresponds with its perception during the period: not only is it any voluntary, extramarital, sexual, or affective relationship that, when discovered or suspected by the spouse, can place the marriage at risk and erode the respectability associated with normative sexuality, it is also the idea of adulteration, mixing, or contamination. Adultery thus understood constitutes a productive approach to the fictional corpus and relevance of the literary institution, but also and principally to a group of ideas and problems that reveal local anxieties.
Jose Albasini À Procura de Saúde: crônicas de um doente/ In Search of Health: chronicles of a sick man
Publication year: 2015
Teaching the Latin American Boom
Publication year: 2015In the decade from the early 1960s to the early 1970s, Latin American authors found themselves writing for a new audience in both Latin America and Spain and in an ideologically charged climate as the Cold War found another focus in the Cuban Revolution. The writers who emerged in this energized cultural moment—among others, Julio Cortázar (Argentina), Guillermo Cabrera Infante (Cuba), José Donoso (Chile), Carlos Fuentes (Mexico), Gabriel García Márquez (Colombia), Manuel Puig (Argentina), and Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru)—experimented with narrative forms that sometimes bore a vexed relation to the changing political situations of Latin America.
This volume provides a wide range of options for teaching the complexities of the Boom, explores the influence of Boom works and authors, presents different frameworks for thinking about the Boom, proposes ways to approach it in the classroom, and provides resources for selecting materials for courses.
Special Issue on Modern Argentine Photography: Horacio Coppola and Grete Stern
A Migrant Modernism. Grete Stern's Photomontages
Publication year: 2015The article analyses the photomontage production of German-Argentine photographer Grete Stern, exploring the continuities and reconfigurations of both formal concerns and socio-political valences between her formative years in Berlin and her work in Buenos Aires, especially with regard to the visual deconstruction of dominant perceptions of femininity and the (female) body in relation to a modernizing culture. The comparative analysis aims at disarticulating a derivative or causal relationship between her Bauhaus roots and her ground-breaking Argentine production, as well as connecting them through a focus on processes of social and aesthetic migration. The article's claim is that by introducing photographic photomontage in the popular female press in late 1940s and early 1950s, Stern's Sueños series not only helped establish a working and middle-class female audience for photographic modernism, but also trained her readers in the visual language of modern culture.
João Albasini e as luzes de Nwandzenguele: literatura e política em Moçambique 1908-1922
Publication year: 2014"In 1932, on the tenth anniversary of Albasini’s death, Karel Pott, then the director of
Brado Africano, published a tribute to Albasini: “The history of Albasini’s life has yet to
IJAHS Vol. 49, No. 1 (2016) Book Reviews 135
be written, and his magnificent articles in defense of Law, Reason and Justice have yet to
be compiled …” (p. 412). More than sixty years later historian José Soares Martins, pen
name José Capela, echoed Pott: “Mozambique owes João Albasini a published critical
analysis of his journalistic essays … [because they] capture a critical period in
[Mozambique’s] history in all of its excitement” (p. 13). César Braga-Pinto and Fátima
Mendonça clearly intend this book, João Albasini and the Lights of Twilight: Journalism
and Politics in Mozambique 1908–1922, to respond to those calls. It does so beautifully.”
Jeanne Penvenne, Tufts U.
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